A Custom domain name on your site & version control | #DIY your web presence #4

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In the previous parts of the series, we learnt about the internet and the world wide web. We then got a free custom domain from Freenom and deployed our site with Netlify. Here we'll tie the custom domain to your deployed site and make changes via version control.

The steps should be easy to follow and I'll add context where necessary. Feel free to ask questions in the comments section.

The series: DIY your web presence 'for FREE'

Previous post: #3

Tying the domain name and our site together

Add a custom domain on Netlify

Once you are logged in your home page has a list of your sites. By clicking the one you'll be using, you are redirected to a page with a section similar to the one below.

Screenshot 2020-07-19 00.16.48.png

Click on Number 2: Set up a custom domain. Enter the domain name we "bought" or rather acquired for free and Verify.

Screenshot 2020-07-19 16.36.17.png

Since you own it, click Yes and add domain and you'll have your domain under custom domains. Click Options in the primary domain column and Select Setup Netlify DNS. I touched on DNS on this previous article.

Screenshot 2020-07-19 16.37.08.png

Again, Verify and Yes, add domain in Step 1.

Screenshot 2020-07-19 16.51.43.png

Continue in Step 2 and pause on Step 3.

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We'll be copying these four domain names of Netlify's name-server to Freenom. (Please note that these may be different for different custom domains)

Update DNS on Freenom

Click on My Domains under the Services menu on the navbar.

Screenshot 2020-07-19 16.56.09.png

Thereafter select Manage Domain for your domain. On the 'management' page, under the Management Tools drop-down menu select Nameservers.

Screenshot 2020-07-19 17.29.29.png

Click on Use custom nameservers and copy-paste the Name Servers' domain names from Netlify to Freenom. So that they are the same. (Compare with Step 3 in Netlify above)

Screenshot 2020-07-19 17.33.47.png

Click Change nameservers to complete.

Set up HTTPS

On Netlify step 3; with the name server's domain names copied to Freenom successfully, click Done.

It takes some minutes to show Netlify DNS as the screenshot below. Just reload every so often in the space of 10 minutes. (Maybe longer but it works within 10 minutes for me)

Screenshot 2020-07-19 17.44.06.png

The final step is just to verify the DNS configuration. Scroll down to the bottom of the page. This is done by clicking Verify DNS configuration and you're done. Head over to your site at your custom domain 🎉.

Screenshot 2020-07-19 17.48.05.png

Please share your custom domain in the comments section. I would like to celebrate with you.

Version Control

In the last article, if you created a GitHub account (or if you have one already) then you can proceed with this section. I will use the index.html file we used to keep things simple. This is mostly foundational; the process is transferrable when dealing with many more files.

Using GitHub

On your browser, navigate to your repository and click on the index.html file.

Screenshot 2020-07-19 17.55.22.png

Then click on the pencil icon to Edit the file.

Screenshot 2020-07-19 17.55.49.png

Here's a simple code snippet that you can replace the file with:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>Hello World</title>
    <style>
        body {
            background-color: #2D2D2D;
        }

        h1 {
            color: #C26356;
            font-size: 30px;
            font-family: Menlo, Monaco, fixed-width;
        }

        p {
            color: white;
            font-family: "Source Code Pro", Menlo, Monaco, fixed-width;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <h1>Hello World</h1>
    <p>This is a paragraph</p>
</body>
</html>

Click on Preview Changes. The text with a green background is code that has been added and that with the reb background is deleted code. At the end of the file, this time I added a new line too. Click Commit changes at the bottom.

Screenshot 2020-07-19 18.20.53.png

In seconds, your site has been updated.

Using a local repository

If you're new to version control, you can imagine that it could be a bit time consuming to edit several files and commit changes. That's just one of the problems that this process of using GitHub on the web can bring about. Fortunately, it works for a simple use-case as the one above especially since you are working solo on this repo. The industry standard, for software development, is to work locally on a copy of your remote repository, for example, this one on GitHub, and push changes over time.

I will point you to this article on FreeCodeCamp or this multistep Atlassian Git tutorial. If you prefer ebooks and want to get into the nitty-gritty of things, here's a book by some friends of mine (Alex and Joseph): Version Control with Git and GitHub. You can use the Free Sample to begin with, buy the ebook, or get it in paperback.

Conclusion

This wraps up the main part of #DIY your web presence 'for FREE' series. What's next is a bonus, where we go about creating a blog. See you then.

Here is the site I published and the GitHub repo used.

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